Study Material

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Core Course (CC)

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ANIMAL DIVERSITY

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COMPARATIVE ANATOMY & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY

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PHYSIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY

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GENETICS & EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY

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INSECTS VECTORS AND DISEASES

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ENVIROMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH

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Kingdom Protista

►General characters

►Classification of Protozoa up to classes

►Locomotory organelles and locomotion—

  • In Amoeba

  • In Paramecium

Phylum Porifera

►General characters

►Classification up to classes

►Canal System in Sycon

Phylum Cnidaria

►General characters

►Classification up to classes

►Metagenesis in Obelia

Phylum Platyhelminthes

►General characters

►Classification up to classes

►Life history of Taenia solium

Phylum Nemathelminthes

►General characters

►Classification up to classes

►Life history of Ascaris lumbricoides and its adaptation

Phylum Annelida

►General characters

►Classification up to classes

►Nephridia

►Metamerism

Phylum Arthropoda

►General characters

►Classification up to classes

►Vision in insect

►Eye in Cockroach

►Metamorphosis in Lepidoptera

Phylum Mollusca

►General characters

►Classification up to classes

►Respiration in Pila

Phylum Echinodermata

►General characters

►Classification up to classes

►Water-vascular system in Asteroidea

Protochordates

►General Characters

►Amphioxus—

  • Pharynx

  • Feeding mechanism

Agnatha

►General features

►Classification of cyclostomes up to classes

Pisces

►General features

►Classification up to orders

►Osmoregulation in Fishes

Amphibia

►General features

►Classification up to orders

►Parental care

►Metamorphosis in Toad

Reptiles

►General features

►Classification up to orders

►Poisonous and non-poisonous snakes

►Biting mechanism

Aves

►General features

►Classification up to orders

►Flight adaptations

Mammals

►Classification up to orders

►Integument and its modification—

  • Hair

  • Horn

  • Antler

  • Nail

  • Claw

►Origin & distribution of Cranial nerves in Cavia

ANIMAL DIVERSITY

 

Comparative Anatomy & Developmental Biology

Integumentary System

Urino-genital System

Succession of kidney

►Evolution of urino-genital ducts

Derivatives of integument with respect to glands—

►In Birds

►In Mammals

Digestive System

►Stomach

►Dentition

Respiratory System

Brief account –

  • Gills

  • Lungs

  • Air sacs

  • Swim bladder

Circulatory System

Evolution of heart

►Evolution of aortic arches

Early Embryonic Development

►Gametogenesis:

​Spermatogenesis with respect to mammals

​Oogenesis with respect to mammals

​Fertilization: Sea-Urchin

​Early development of frog

​Structure of mature egg and its membranes

​Patterns of cleavage

​Fate map up to formation of gastrula

​Types of morphogenetic movements

​Fate of germ layers

Late Embryonic Development

►Placenta—

►Types and function

►Metamorphic events in frog life cycle and its ►hormonal regulation

COMPARATIVE ANATOMY & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY

 
Clean Bubbles

PHYSIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY

Unit 1: Nerve and muscle 

Unit 6:Reproduction and Endocrine Glands 

►Structure of a neuron, resting membrane potential, Origin of Action potential and its propagation in myelinated and non-myelinated nerve fibres, Ultra-structure of skeletal muscle, Molecular and chemical basis of muscle contraction

Unit 2: Digestion 

►Physiology of digestion in the alimentary canal; Absorption of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids 

Unit 3: Respiration 

►Pulmonary ventilation, Transport of Oxygen and carbon

Unit 4: Cardio-vascular system

►Composition of blood, Structure of Heart, Origin and conduction of the cardiac impulse, cardiac cycle

Unit 5: Excretion 

►Structure of nephron, Mechanism of Urine formation; Counter-current Mechanism

►Physiology of male reproduction: Histology of testis, hormonal control of spermatogenesis; Physiology of female, reproduction: Histology of ovary, hormonal control of menstrual cycle. Structure and function of pituitary, thyroid, pancreas and adrenal.

Unit 7: Carbohydrate Metabolism 

►Glycolysis, Kreb’s cycle, Glycogenesis, Electron Transport Chain. 

Unit 8: Lipid Metabolism

►Beta oxidation of Palmitic acid {saturated (C 16:0)} and Linoleic acid {unsaturated (C 18:2)}

Unit 9: Protein Metabolism 

►Transamination, Deamination, Urea cycle

Unit 10 : Enzyme 

►Enzyme Classification, factors affecting enzyme action, Inhibition

 
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GENETICS & EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY

Unit 1: Mendelian Genetics and its Extension 

►Principles of Inheritance, Chromosome theory of inheritance, Incomplete dominance and co dominance, Multiple alleles, lethal alleles, sex linked inheritance in Drosophila (White eye locus) & Human (Thalassemia)

Unit 5: Origin of Life 

►Chemical Origin of life

Unit 6: Evolutionary Theories 

►Lamarckism, Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism.

Unit 2: Linkage, Crossing Over 

►Linkage and crossing over, Complete & Incomplete Linkage, Recombination frequency as a measure of linkage intensity. Holiday Model

Unit 3: Mutation

►Chromosomal mutation, Deletion, duplication, inversion, translocation, aneuploidy, gene mutation, induced mutation, types & example

Unit 7: Process of Evolutionary changes 

►Isolating mechanism, Natural Selection.

Unit 8: Speciation 

►Sympatric, Allopatric, Parapatric

Unit 4: Sex determination 

►Genic Balance theory and dosage compensation in Drosophila.

 

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